2021高考英语一轮复习!这180个重点句型,一定要学会(上)

1. That is the reason whyI'm not in favour of revising the plan.

这就是我不赞成修正这个计划的原因。

【句型分析】why I'm not in favour of revising the plan做the reason的定语从句。

2. His failure was due to the fact that he had not practised for a long time.

他的失败是由于他没有练习很长时间。

【句型分析】that he had not practised for a long time做the fact的同位语从句。

3. It is likely that it will rain in the evening.

可能晚上会下雨。

【句型分析】It做形式主语,主语从句that it will rain in the evening做真正主语。

4. How they went to America is what I want to know.

他们如何到的美国是我想知道的事情。

【句型分析】How they went to America是主语从句,在整句话中做主语;what I want to know是表语从句,在整句话中做表语。

5. It occurred to him that he had left his key at home.

他突然想起把钥匙落在了家里。

【句型分析】It做形式主语,that he had left his key at home主语从句做真正主语。

6. The reason why he came late was that he didn't catch the early bus.

他迟到的原因是他没有赶上早班车。

【句型分析】why he came late是The reason的定语从句,对其起修饰作用;that he didn't catch the early bus是表语从句,在整个句子中做表语。

7. I'm looking forward to the day when Tai Wan returns to China.

我期待着太晚回归祖国的那一天。

【句型分析】when Tai Wan returns to China是定语从句,做the day的定语,对其起修饰作用。

8. He sat by the fire, reading a novel.

他坐在火旁,读着一本小说。

【句型分析】reading a novel是现在分词做伴随状语,其逻辑主语是句子主语he。

9. My dream came true at last.

我的梦想最终实现了。

【句型分析】come true:实现,成真。

10. It will not be long before we meet again.

不久之后我们就会再次见面的。

【句型分析】before we meet again是时间状语,it指时间。

11. The English play in which my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success.

新年聚会上,学生表演的这部英语剧非常成功。

【句型分析】in which my students acted at the New Year’s party是定语从句,做The English play的定语。

12. I worked in a business where almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.

我在一家几乎人人都在等好机会的企业里工作。

【句型分析】where almost everyone is waiting for a great chance是定语从句,做a business的定语。

13. He kept looking at her, wondering whether he had seen her somewhere.

他一直看着她,想知道他是否在某个地方见过她。

【句型分析】wondering...是现在分词做伴随状语,逻辑主语是he,whether he had seen her somewhere是宾语从句,做wondering的宾语。

14. It is a great honor for Beijing that the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing.

2008年奥运会将在北京举行对北京来说是一个很大的荣誉。

【句型分析】that the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing是同位语从句,做a great honor的同位语。

15. Timmy was fined a large sum of money by the judge for drunken driving.

由于被判定酒驾,Timmy 被罚了一大笔钱。

【句型分析】drunken driving:酒驾。

16. Although he thought he was helping us with the work, he was actually in the way.

尽管他认为是在帮我们,实际上是在碍事。

【句型分析】Although he thought he was helping us with the work是让步状语从句。

17. Most hotels have websites where you can find answers to your questions.

大多数旅馆都有你可以找到你问题答案的网站。

【句型分析】where you can find answers to your questions是定语从句,做websites的定语,对其起修饰作用。

18. That most of languages are now threatened and may disappear is a serious matter to the people.

大多数语言受到威胁可能会消失,这对人们来说是件危急的事情。

【句型分析】That most of languages are now threatened and may disappear是主语从句,做整个句子的主语。

19. The fact that Great Britain is made up of three countries is still unknown to many people.

很多人仍然不知道英国由三个国家组成。

【句型分析】that Great Britain is made up of three countries是同位语从句,做The fact的同位语。

20. Now that you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it.

既然你有机会,不妨好好利用它。

【句型分析】Now that you’ve got a chance是原因状语从句。Now that:既然,因为。

21. It was only when I reread his poems recently that I begin to appreciate their beauty.

在我重读他诗歌的时候,我才开始领会它们的美。

【句型分析】本句是It was ... that ...强调句型,被强调部分是only when I reread his poems recently时间状语从句。

22. As is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress.

正如报纸上所报道的那样,两国之间的谈话正在取得进展。

【句型分析】As is reported in the newspapers是as引导的定语从句,修饰后面的句子talks between the two countries are making progress。

23. They came to the conclusion that not all things can be done by a computer.

他们得出结论,不是所有的事情都可以被计算机做。

【句型分析】that not all things can be done by a computer是同位语从句,做the conclusion的同位语。

24. Smoking does great harm to our health.

吸烟对我们的健康造成很大的危害。

【句型分析】do harm to sth:对......有害。

25. Only then did he realize his mistakes.

仅仅那个时候他才意识到他的错误。

【句型分析】副词短语Only then提到句首,句子须用部分倒装。

26. Come and see me whenever you are convenient .

方便的时候来看看我。

【句型分析】whenever you are convenient是时间状语从句。

27. I thought Jim would say something about his school report , but he didn’t mention it .

我想吉姆会说一些关于他成绩单的事情,但是他没有提。

【句型分析】but连接前后两个具有转折关系的并列句。

28. By the end of last year , another new gymnasium had been completed in Beijing.

到去年年底为止,另一个体育馆已经在北京被建成了。

【句型分析】By the end of last year是过去完成时或过去完成进行时的标志。

29. when and where to go for the on—salary holiday has not been decided.

带薪休假的时间和地点还没有被决定。

【句型分析】salary holiday:带薪休假。

30. I wonder why Jenny hasn’t written us recently. We should have heard from her by now.

我想知道珍妮最近没给我们写信的原因,目前为止我们本应该收到她的来信的。

【句型分析】why Jenny hasn’t written us recently是宾语从句,做动词wonder的宾语。should have done:本应该做某事而没做。

31. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he graduates from the university next year.

到明年他从大学毕业的时候,他将学习英语八年了。

【句型分析】will have done:将来完成时。

32. I feel it is your husband who is to blame for the spoiled child .

我感觉应该为这个被宠坏的孩子受到责备的人是你的丈夫。

【句型分析】并与从句it is your husband who is to blame for the spoiled child是it is...who...强调句型,被强调部分是your husband。

33. Rainforests are being cut and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future .

雨林正在被以如此快的速度被砍伐和燃烧以至于不远的将来它们就会从地球上消失。

【句型分析】such...that...:如此......以至于......

34. It will not be long before we know the result of the experiment .

不久之后,我们就会知道实验的结果了。

【句型分析】It will not be long before...,固定句型,不就之后......就......

35. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology is changing so rapidly.

选择一部供个人使用的手机不是件简单的事情,因为科技改变如此的迅速。

【句型分析】Selecting a mobile phone for personal use是动名词短语,做整个句子的主语。

36. In such dry weather , the flowers will have to be watered if they are to survive .

在这样干旱的天气,这些花要想活下来就必须被浇水。

37. Hundreds of jobs will be lost if the factory closes .

如果工厂关闭,成百上千的工作将消失。

38. A new cinema is being built here .They hope to finish it next month .

一家新的影院正在这里被建。他们希望下个月完成它。

【句型分析】is/am/are being done:现在进行时的被动语态。

39. The reporter said that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it .

这位记者说,不明飞行物正在由西向东移动时,他看到了它。

【句型分析】that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it是宾语从句,做谓语动词said的宾语,when he saw it是时间状语从句,做宾语从句that the UFO was traveling east to west的时间状语。

40. All the preparations for the task have been completed , and we are really to start.

这项任务的所有准备工作已经完成,我们真的要出发了。

【句型分析】have been done:现在完成时的被动语态,be to do:将来时的谓语动词结构。

41. Try some of the juice——perhaps you will like it .

尝尝这个果汁,可能你会喜欢的。

42. The price has gone down , but I doubt whether it will remain so .

价格已经下降了,但是我怀疑是否会保持这样。

【句型分析】whether it will remain so是宾语从句,做doubt的宾语。

43. No sooner had he got to the lab than he set out to do the experiment.

他一到实验室就开始做实验。

【句型分析】No sooner...than...:一......就......,No sooner引导的时间状语从句需用部分倒装结构。

44. Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home .

海伦把钥匙落在了办公室,所以在她丈夫回来之前必须等。

【句型分析】过去完成时:过去的过去。

45. An awful accident did , however , occur the other day .

几天前确实发生了一场糟糕的事故。

【句型分析】do/does/did do,强调语气,强调谓语动词,翻译成:确实......

46. In some western countries , demand for graduates from MBA courses has fallen down .

在一些西方国家,对MBA课程的毕业生的要求已经降低了。

47. The evening news comes on at seven o’clock and lasts only thirty minutes.

晚间新闻在七点开始,仅仅持续三十分钟。

48. It was not a serious illness , and she soon got over it.

那不是一场严重的疾病,不久她就克服了。

【句型分析】get over:克服。

49. The final examination is coming up soon. It is time for us to get down to our studies.

期末考试不久就要来了,我们该开始认真学习了。

【句型分析】It is time for sb to do sth:某人该......了。

50. John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm.

约翰开商业会议迟到了,因为他的航班被一场严重的暴风雪耽搁了。
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