外研版 | 必修二重点短语、句型、语法汇总!准高一暑期必备!

Module 1

单词

fat n. 脂肪

fit adj. 健康的;强健的

flu n. (=influenza) 流行性感冒

rare adj. 稀少的;罕有的

toothache n. 牙痛

unhealthy adj. 不健康的;有碍健康的

wealthy adj. 富裕的;有钱的

rarely adv. 稀少地;极少地

proverb n. 谚语

anxious adj. 焦虑的;不安的;渴望的

captain n. 队长

injure vt. 伤害

injury n. 伤害;损伤;受伤处

pain n. 疼痛

painful adj. 疼痛的

normal adj. 正常的;一般的

lifestyle n. 生活方式

head vi. 朝……方向前进

eye vt. 注视;观看

overweight adj. (人)太胖的;超重的

lung n. 肺

throat n. 喉咙;咽喉;嗓子

breathe vi. 呼吸

pneumonia n. 肺炎

preion n. 处方

symptom n. 症状

X-ray n. X光

awful adj. 可怕的;吓人的

insurance n. 保险

questionnaire n. 问卷;问卷调查;调查表

be connected with 与……有联系

take exercise 锻炼

be crazy about 迷恋

have a temperature 发烧

lie down 躺下

begin with 以……开始

put … into … 将……投入……

become ill 生病

重点词组

1.be connected with=be related to sth. 和……有联系

2 take exercise=exercise 锻炼

3 be crazy about 迷恋 go crazy 变得疯狂

4 have a temperature/fever 发烧

5 lie down 躺下

6 begin with 以……开始

7 put…into… 将……投入……

8 become/fall ill 生病

9 head towards/to/for… 朝……前进

10 catch/get a cold 感冒

11 get flu 染上流感

12 have a sweet tooth 好吃甜食

13 get/be injured受伤

14 return to normal 恢复正常

15 above normal 超过正常标准

16 below normal 低于正常标准

17 breathe deeply=take a deep breath 深呼吸

18 out of breath 上气不接下气

catch one’s breath 踹口气

hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸

19 keep fit/healthy 保持健康

20 keep us fit/healthy保持我们的身体健康

21 be fit for 适合

22 be off work不工作,休息

23 be out of work 失业

24 be at work 在上班

25 keep…away使离开

26 at least 至少

27 at most 至多

28 be worried/anxious about 为……而担忧

29 be anxious for … 渴望…

30 be anxious for sb to do 渴望sb做

31 see sb doing看到sb正在做

32 make sure 确保,确实

33 would rather do sth 宁愿做

would rather sb did sth. 宁愿某人做某事(过去时表示现在和将来的情况)

would rather sb had done宁愿某人做某事(过去完成时表示过去情况)

34 go/be on a diet 节食

35 a bit of 一点儿,有点儿

36 miss school 缺课

37 pay for… 支付

38 a free health care system 免费医疗体系

39 the problem with……… …的问题

40 have problems with… 有…的问题

41 pick sb up(用车)接某人

42 be privately owned.私人拥有

43 I rarely get toothache.=Rarely do I get toothache. 我很少牙痛、

44. This is because …这是因为…

45. make a prediction 进行预测

46. contribute … to … 把…贡献于…

47. Take more exercise or you will become ill.

多锻炼锻炼身体,否则你就会生病的。

Take more exercise and you will become really fit. 多锻炼

锻炼身体,你就会变得健康。

48. I’m captain of the class team at school.

我在学校是班级足球队的队长。

1.不定式作定语的用法归纳

1). 被修饰名词前有序数词、形容词最高级或the only, the last, the very, the next修饰时,常用不定式作后置定语。被修饰名词和不定式具有逻辑主谓关系。

Eg. John Smith is the only person to know the secret.

2).表示抽象概念的名词,后面用动词不定式做定语,用于解释中心词的内容,如ability, way, ambition, anxiety, attempt, campaign, chance, courage, decision, determination等。

Eg. she gave up the chance to go abroad.

3).如不定式动词是不及物动词作定语时,其后须加一个适当的介词。例如:

Have you got a chair to sit on? 你有椅子坐了吗?

2.⑴pay~ 的短语 ①注意pay attention to

②拜访pay a visit to

③付清,还清(债务);得到回报pay off

⑵ buy sth for some money 用多少钱买某物

sb. spend money on sth. / in doing sth. 把钱花在…上

sth. cost (sb.) money (某物)花了(某人)多少钱

3.sure

1).make sure that do(时态)

When you leave the office, make sure that all the lights are turned off.(灯关上了)

2).make sure of / about 确保,弄清楚

You’d better make sure of the time and place for the meeting .(弄清楚开会得时间和地点)

3) be sure to do肯定会,务必 Be sure to come on time.

be sure of / about 有把握,肯定

He is to succeed/ win. 他肯定会赢。(说话者的主观意见)

He is sure of his success. 他确信自己会成功.(主语的观点)

= He is sure that he will succeed.

4.一般将来时态

⑴will do sth / shall do sth 单纯表示将来要发生的动作,不强调已经打算好。

be going to do sth ①表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事。

②表示说话人根据已有的迹象判断将要发生的事情

①It is going to rain. ②We are going to have a meeting today. ③ I am going to leave.

⑵be to do sth 表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事.

①The boy is to go to school tomorrow

②The bridge is to be built next year.

⑶“be about to + 动词原形” 表示即将发生的动作,或已经打算好马上要去做的动作,意为 be ready to do sth. 后面一般不跟时间状语。

I’m about to leave.

⑷ go , come , start, move, sail, leave, arrive ,stay 等表示位置转移的词可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作。

I’m leaving for Beijing.

⑸ 某些动词(如come, go ,leave, arrive, start, get , stay 等表示位置转移的词)的一般现在时也可表示将来。表示按照时刻表上规定的时间将要发生,有具体的时间点。

①The meeting starts at five o’clock. ②The plane takes off at 7:05 am.

注将来时态中,如果单纯表示将来,或即兴动作,用will;

表示早已经打算好了则应该用be going to do / be to do be about to do / be doing 等。

Module 2

单词

drug n. 毒品;药品

bronchitis n. 支气管炎

cancer n. 癌症

cigarette n. 香烟

tobacco n. 烟草;烟丝

addictive adj. (药物等)上瘾的

cannabis n. 大麻

cocaine n. 可卡因

danger n. 危险

addict n. 对(药物等)上瘾的人;瘾君子

inject vt. 注射

needle n. (注射用的)针;针管

powerful adj. 有力的;(药等)有功效的

reduce vt. 减少

nearby adj. 附近的

burglary n. 盗窃;窃案;盗窃罪

crime n. 罪行;犯罪行为

criminal n. 罪犯

connection n. 联系;关系;关联

illegal adj. 违法的;不合法的

ratio n. 比;比率

shoplifting n. 逛商店时偷窃商品的行为

treatment n. 治疗

likely adj. 可能的

adult n. 成人

cafe n. 咖啡馆;餐馆

disagree vi. 不同意;意见不合

ban vt. 禁止

horrible adj. 令人不快的;极讨厌的

affect vt. 影响;对……有坏影响

participant n. 参与者;参加者

recognise vt. 认识;认知;认出

leaflet n. 传单;印刷品

distraction n. 分心;分散注意力

jogging n. 慢跑

gymnastic adj. 体操的

related to 有关系的;有关联的

break into 破门而入;强行闯入

belong to 属于

become addicted to 对……上瘾;沉迷于

take one’s advice 听某人的意见

in order to 为了……

so as to 为了……

give up 戒除;放弃

短语

1 be/become/get addicted to sth. 对某物上瘾

2 be in danger处于危险之中

3 be out of danger 脱离危险

4 ban sb from doing sth.禁止某人做某事ban doing禁止做某事

5 There is a ban on… 有一个关于…禁令

6 affect=have an effect on…对……有影响influence=have an influence on

7. No point (in) doing sth 做某事没有意义

8 Develop interests in sth 培养…方面的兴趣

9.break into a house 破门而入

10.break into tears 大哭起来

11. be related to sb. 与某人有关系/关联

12.take/follow one’s advice 听从某人建议

give sb some advice on sth. 就某事向某人建议

13.in order to(用于句首,句中), so as to(用于句中) 为了,以便

14.give up (doing) sth放弃

15.share…with sb… 和sb分享…

16.compare… to…把…比做…

17.compare… with…把…和…做比较

compared with/to 与…比

18.do/make a survery 做一个调查

19.make a list of 列一个名单

20.stop sb from doing =keep sb from doing=prevent sb from doing

阻止sb做某事

21. against the law 违法break the law 违法obey the law 守法

22. under medical treatment 在治疗中

23.continue to do=continue doing 继续做

24.offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 向sb提供sth

25.cause many deaths 导致许多人死亡

26.illnesses (which are)related to smoking和吸烟有关的疾病

27.die of hunger 死于饥饿

28.die from an accident死于一起事故

29. This is my treat .我请客treat sb. to sth.用某物款待某人

treat sb .as …把某人视为…

30.a heart attack 一次心脏病发作

31.ask sb for money 向sb要钱

32.be in pain 处于痛苦之中

33.take sth. to sp. 把某物带

到某地

34.leave school 辍学,离开学校

35.mind doing 介意做

36.in public当众地

37.the public 公众

38.set/fix a date确定一个日期

39.increase to增加到…

40.increase by… 增加了

41.by this time 到这时为止

42.during the 1990s二十世纪九十年代in the 1990’s / 1990s

43. inject …into 注入

44. reduce to 减少到reduce by 减少了

45.I couldn’t agree more 我再同意不过了.

46. That’s a good point. 有道理To the point 切题

47. participate in 参与

48. distract from 分心

语法归纳

1.addict v./n. addiction adj. addictive /addicted

① Adam Rouse used to be a drug addict(瘾君子)

②He is now fighting against his cocaine addiction(瘾)

③Heroin is highly addictive(使人上瘾的)

④Her son is addicted to(沉迷于) computer games.

⑤Cocaine is a powerfully addictive(使人上瘾的)drug.

⒉likely adj. 可能的;有希望的, 适合的 adv. 或许, 可能

It is likely that... 很可能... = It’s probable/ possible that…

sb./sth. be likely to do很可能做… = It is possible for sb./sth. to do …

Not likely!不可能! 才不呢! (强调否认或拒绝)

①They are the likeliest candidates. 他们是最有可能当选的候选人。

②He is the likeliest person for the job. 他是最适合做这份工作的人。

③她下月很可能不来。She is not likely to come next month.

④很可能他不会同意。It is likely that he won’t agree.

The smokers are twice as likely as non-smokers to develop Alzheimer’s disease.

= The smokers are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease

⒊too…to

⑴“ too + adj/adv. + to + do sth.” 意思是太…而不能.

⑵此外,” too+ adj/adv. + for sb. to do sth.” 意为对某人来说,太….而不能。

⑶Too…to 中的too 前面有否定词,如never 时,表示肯定:

It is never too late to learn. 活到老,学到老。

【补充】:"too...to"结构中带有表示某种心情或描绘性的形容词或副词,如ready, eager, satisfied, kind, willing, easy, anxious等加动词不定式结合成一个不可分割的状态、态度、倾向或心情等,并且其后的不定式不是说明too的具体内容,而是修饰形容词,不定式就不再表示结果。例如:

Comrade Lei Feng was too ready to help others. 雷锋同志乐于助人。

⒋…..ever

⑴whatever用法 “不管…/ 无论(…任何…)” ------用法和what 类似。

❶.引导状语从句:①.Whatever happens, you shouldn’t lose heart.

= No matter what happens, you shouldn’t lose heart.

②.Whatever (great) difficulty you meet, you shouldn’t give up.

= No matter what difficulty you meet, you shouldn’t give up.

❷.引导名词性从句:①.You should tell me whatever happened.

②. Whatever he did is for your good.

(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter what)

⑵ whichever 用法 “任何一个(件、本…)” (有选择范围)

❶.引导状语从句:Whichever computer you choose from those, I will buy it for you.

= No matter which computer you choose from those, I will buy it for you.

❷引导名词性从句:Whichever book he bought from the shop would be paid for.

(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter which)

⑶whoever 用法 “任何…的人”

❶.引导状语从句:①.Whoever sees the dog, please contact Mr. Smith.

= No matter who sees the dog, please contact Mr. Smith.

②.Whoever studies hard, he can make progress later.

= No matter who studies hard, he can make progress later.

❷引导名词性从句:①.Whoever studies hard can make progress later..

②.Give the book to whoever is interested in it.

(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter who)

Module 3

单词

choir n. (教堂里的)唱诗班;合唱队

classical n. 古典音乐

composer n. 作曲家

conductor n. 指挥

jazz n. 爵士乐

musician n. 音乐家

orchestra n. 管弦乐队(团)

saxophone n. 萨克斯管

court n. 宫廷

director n. 指挥

genius n. 天才

lose vt. (lost, lost) 失去;丢失

musical adj. 音乐的

peasant n. 农民

symphony n. 交响乐;交响曲;交响乐团

talent n. 天分;天赋;才华

Austria n. 奥地利

Austrian adj. 奥地利的

prince n. 王子;亲王

compose vt. 作曲;创作

tour vt. 巡回演出

album n. 专辑

ballad n. 民歌;民谣;(伤感的)情歌

band n. 乐队

catchy adj. 动人的

complex adj. 复杂的

influence vt. 影响

lyrics n. 歌词

solo adj. 独奏的

tune n. 曲调

record vt. 录音

lecturer n. (大学的)讲师

mix vt. 使混合

be impressed with 留下深刻印象

split up 分裂;分割

make a note of 记录

短语

1.sth. make a good impression on sb. 某事给某人留下好印象

2. split up 分裂,分割,离异/婚

3. make/take a note of 记录,做笔记

take note of = take notice of 注意到

4. compare notes with sb. 与某人交换意见,与某人互道感想

5. change… into… 把……变成……

6. music instruments 乐器

7. of all time有史以来

8. something wonderful 很精彩的某种东西

9. the rest of his life 他的余生

10. go deaf 变聋

11. No way! 没门,不可能

12. at an early age 在很小的时候

13. a leading/top composer一个优秀的/首席作曲家

14. receive many prizes 获得了许多奖

15. play the violin/piano 演奏小提琴//钢琴

16. have talent for… 具有……的天赋

17. show/have talent for 表现出对……的天赋

a talented musician 一个有天赋的音乐家

18. lose interest in… 失去对……的兴趣

get lost = lose one’s way 迷路

be lost in thought 限于沉思之中lose heart丧失信心

lose weight减肥

19. mix… with…把……和……混合

20. have a deep influence/effect on对……有深远的影响

21. encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做……

22. as well as ①和;同;以及 ② 之外=besides或 in addition to

23. As time goes by/on 随着时间的流逝

24 be composed of=consist of=be made up of 由… 组成

25. if so 如果这样的话if not 如果不是这样

if any 如果有if necessary如果有必要 if possible 如果有可能

语法归纳

1. 强调句型

① It is/was + 主语/宾语/状语 + that (who) + 句子其余部分

② 对“… not …until…”强调,用It is/was not until … that …

③对特殊疑问句的强调, 用 特殊疑问词+ is it that + 句子其余部分

Where did he see Li Ming yesterday? →

Where was it that he saw Li Ming yesterday?

2. make a record 录制唱片

keep / hold a record 保持记录

set a record 创记录

break a record 打破记录

3. 当way 作先行词时,用that / in which / 不用 (引导定语从句)

4.find/ make/ feel/ think/ believe/ consider + it + adj./n. + to do 结构

⑴我们相信通过学习有可能改变人生。

We believe it possible to change our life by learning.

⑵医生认为你度个假期比较好。

The doctor considered it better for you to have a holiday take a vocation.

5.主语+ be + adj. + to do 结构

1). What he said is difficult to understand.

2). The book is easy to read.

3). Chair is comfortable to sit on.

6.do you think 作插入语的用法

你认为他们何时会得出结论?

When do you think they will come to a conclusion ?

你认为我会怎么处理这件事?

How do you think I can deal with this matter?

其他插入语:do you believe/ suppose/ imagine/ guess/ expect/ suggest

注意:do you suggest 所在的句子要用虚拟语气,即should+ do, should 可以省略

Module 4

单词

like n. 爱好;嗜好

dislike n. 憎恶;不喜欢

artist n. 艺术家

colourful adj. 彩色的

contemporary adj. 当代的

like n. 爱好;嗜好

dislike n. 憎恶;不喜欢

artist n. 艺术家

colourful adj. 彩色的

contemporary adj. 当代的

delightful adj. 令人愉快的;可爱的

drawing n. 图画

paint vt. 绘画;(用颜料)画

painter n. 画家

painting n. 绘画;油画

scene n. 景色;风景

traditional adj. 传统的;习俗的

alive adj. 有活力的;有生气的

aspect n. 方面

imitate vt. 临摹;仿造;模仿;仿效

observe vt. 观察;注意到

reality n. 真实;现实;逼真

style n. 风格

adopt vt. 采纳;采用

aim vi. 以……为目标;打算;意欲

stand vt. (stood, stood) 忍受

unusual adj. 不寻常的;非凡的

exhibition n. 展览

expression n. 表现;表达

landscape n. 风景;景色;风景画;山水画

portrait n. 画像;肖像;人像

realise vt. 领悟;了解;实现;实行

realistic adj. 现实主义的;写实主义的

watercolour n. 水彩画

destroy vt. 破坏;毁坏

be / get tired of 对……厌烦

be fond of 喜欢;喜爱

tell by 从……可以看出

put off 推迟;延期

take turns 轮流

a series of 一系列的

1. situation;point;case;experience;story;family 这类词充当先行词时常用where或相应介词+which。

⒉happen vi. 发生 (不能用于被动语态。)

⒊关系代词引导的定语从句

1)不用that, 只能用which的情况:

a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时

The tree, (which is four hundred years old,) is very famous here.

b) 介词后不能用

Gun control is a subject, (about which Americans talked a lot.)

2) 不用which, 只能用that的情况:

a) 在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, everything, all, much, few, any, little等作先行词时,只用that,不用which。Finally, the thief handed everything (that he had stolen) to the police.

b) 先行词有the only, the very, the just修饰时,只用that。

He is the very man (that helped the girl out of the water) .

c) 先行词为序数词(the last)、形容词最高级时,只用that。.

The first English book (that I read) was “The Prince and the Pauper” by Mark Twin .

d) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

He talked about the teachers and schools( that he visited).

e)当主句是以who 或which 开始的特殊疑问句时,用that 以避免重复。

⒋译作“认为”时,有下列句型

consider sb./sth.(to be/as).认为某人是

sb./sth. is considered (to be/as).某人被认为是

sb is considered+to have done sth. 某人被认为做了某事

consider it+adj.+to do sth. 认为做某事是···

5.can’t stand + sth/ sb

can’t stand + (sb/sb’s) doing

can’t stand + 不能忍受being done

⒍adopt vt.

1) They adopted my suggestion. 采纳

2) The poor child was adopted by the couple. 收养

3) He’s not my real father; I’m adopted. 收养

⒎ tell A and B apart把A和B区分开

tell A from B_________________

tell the difference between A and B说出A和B 的不同

to tell (you) the truth 说实话

tell a story/joke/lie 讲故事、讲笑话、撒谎

⒏⑴可接不定式作宾语的动词有:afford ,agree, aim, attempt, decide, expect, fail, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, want ,wish, turn

完成句子

① 他买不起这么贵的小汽车。

He can’t afford to buy such an expensive car.

②当老师进来的时候,他假装正在读书。

When the teacher came in, he pretended to be reading.

③他主动提出开车去接我们。

He offered to pick us up.

⑵“疑问词+不定式”也可作宾语,这样的动词有 teach, show, discuss, decide等。

完成句子

①到目前为止他们还没决定什么时候走.

So far they haven’t decided when to leave.

② .他们正在讨论如何解决这个问题。

They are discussing how to deal with this problem.

She practises playing the piano every day.

⒐ v-ing 作宾语

⑴ 下列动词通常直接v-ing作宾语

finish, enjoy, mind, miss, keep, avoid, imagine, practice, suggest, risk, appreciate, admit等 ,

①你介意打开门吗?

Do you mind opening the door?

②她每天练习弹钢琴。

She practises playing the piano every day.

⑵一些动词词组由“动词+介词”组成的他们的后面也接v-ing 作宾语。常见的有:look forward to, get used to , put off, believe in, dream of , think of , give up, insist on, feel like, 等等。

我盼望收到你的来信。

I’m looking forward to receiving your letter.

10.有些动词接不定式和v-ing 作宾语意义不同,

forget/remember to do忘了、记着要去做某事 forget /remember doing 忘了、记得做过某事

regret to do 遗憾要做某事

regret doing 后悔做了某事

stop to do 停下来做另一件事

stop doing 停止做某事

try to do 努力试图去做某事

try doing 试着做某事(看看结果,效果)

mean to do 打算要做

mean doing 意味着

can’t help to do 不能帮着做某事

can’t help doing 禁不住做某事

①我本来打算去,但有事没去。

I had meant to go there, but something unexpected happened.

Module 5

单词

headline n. (新闻报道等的)标题

photograph n. 照片

celebrity n. 名人

economy n. 经济

politics n. 政治

photographer n. 摄影师

cosmonaut n. 宇航员

navigator n. 领航员;(飞机的)驾驶员

taikonaut n. 太空人;宇航员

universe n. 宇宙

sailor n. 船员;水手

orbit n. 轨道 vt. 绕轨道飞行

capsule n. 太空舱

flight n. 飞行;班机

congratulation n. 祝贺

aboard adv. 在船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上

welcome vt. 欢迎

historical adj. 历史性的

achievement n. 成就;功业;伟绩

replace vt. 代替;取代

alien n. 外星人

amateur adj. 业余的

astronomer n. 天文学家

autograph n. 亲笔签名

delighted adj. 高兴的;快乐的

fan n. (电影等的)迷

spaceship n. 宇宙飞船

telescope n. 望远镜

actor n. 演员

backstage adv. 在后台

part n. 角色

politician n. 政治家

belief n. 信念;信条

disbelief n. 不信;怀疑;疑惑

evidence n. 证据

cultural adj. 文化的

financial adj. 金融的

review n. 评论

royal adj. 皇家的;皇室的

found vt. 创立;建立

produce vt. 创作

in total 总共;合计

now that 既然

believe in 相信

be similar to 和……相似

短语

1. in total = totally = in all=altogether 合计,总共

2. now that = since 既然

3. believe in 相信(某人为人)信仰

believe sb=believe what sb says相信某人所说的话

4. be similar to sth. 和…相似

5.play a part in… 在…中扮演角色,起作用

6.take part in… 参加

7. work on… 从事

8. send/receive messages of congratulations发送/收到贺信

congratulate sb on sth/on doing sth 向某人祝贺某事

9. land safely 安全着陆

10. in space 在太空中

11. take photographs of=take a photograph of拍照

12. a success/ failure一个成功/ 失败的人,一件成功/ 失败的事

a surprise一个使人惊奇的人,一件令人吃惊的事

13. offer sb’s congratulations on/upon… 对…表示祝贺

14. take off 起飞;脱下;请假;(事业)腾飞

15. wish…success/luck 祝…成功/好运

16. (look) through the telescope 透过望远镜看过去

17. a five-day visit to China 对中国为期五天的访问

18. succeed in doing sth. 成功地做了某事

19. come on 来吧,快点,得了吧

20. go aboard (the ship/plane) 上船/飞机

All aboard! 请大家上船/车/飞机

Welcome aboard! 请上船/车/飞机

go abroad 出国

24. at the start/beginning of… 在…开始时

25. be welcome to do sth. 可随意做(用于邀请某人做某事)

26. more or less 或多或少

27. divide…into…把…分成…(把整体分成部分)be divided into… 被分成

28. concentrate (one’s attention) on/upon 全神贯注于…=focus on =be engrossed in=be warpped up in

fix one’s attention on/ upon 集中注意力于

fix one’s thought on/upon 集中思想于

fix one’s eyes on/upon 目不转睛地注视着

29. to one’s delight 使某人高兴的是

be delighted with 对…感到满意

be delighted to do sth. 很高兴做某事

30. daily newspaper日报

home news国内新闻

international news 国际新闻

31. cultural events 文化事件

financial reports 财政报道

film reviews, book reviews 影评,书评

32. royal family 皇室家族

语法归纳

⒈congratulate祝贺其宾语是人;

celebrate 祝贺,其宾语是物( 节日、生日 、胜利、成功)

⒉aboard

①. aboard adv.& prep 在(船、飞机、火车上)

--The plane crashed , killing 200 people aboard.

--All aboard!

--Welcome aboard!

②区别:abroad/ board

A. abroad adv. 在国外

--She often goes abroad on business. 她经常因公出国。

-- I’ve never lived abroad before.

--He was famous, both at home and abroad.

B. board n. 木板,董事会

v. 上船(或火车、飞机、公共汽车等) on board = aboard

--I wrote the examples up on the board.

--There is still only one woman on the board of directors. 在董事会

3. Welcome to space

( 1 ) vt 欢迎,迎接

①President Hu Jintao will welcome 10 heads of states to Hainan Province for the 7th Boao For Asia next week .

胡锦涛主席下周将赴海南迎接前来参加亚洲第七届博鳌论坛的10国领导人。

( 2 ) adj . 受欢迎的

①You are welcome to stay with us as long as you like .

② ---Thank you for the coffee .

---- You are welcome .

总结:Sb be welcome to do sth 欢迎某人干某事

be welcome to sth./ to do sth. “可随意取用某物或做某事”。

You are welcome . 不用谢,别客气。

⒋连词有:because,as,since,now that, seeing that, considering that,

because通常表示直接的、主要的原因,从句通常置于句尾,也可置于句首,语气比较强回答why提出的问题;

as和since表示明显的、已知的原因,从句通常放在句首;for表示补充说明或推测的原因,从句必须后置,且必须用逗号和主句分开。

(1)because由因导果,because从句是全句最重要的部分,通常它被置于主句之后。

You want to know why I’m leaving? I’m leaving because I’m full.

(2)for语气较because要弱得多,只能置于主句之后,对前面主句的内容加以解释或推断

如:It’s morning now, for the birds are singing.(很显然,鸟叫不可能是“现在已是早上”的原因。)

(3)since,as“既然,由于”,它们通常被置于语句之前,但有时却相反。

Seeing all of the children already seated, he said,“Since everyone is here, let’s start.”

(4)下列情况下只能使用because:

①在回答why的问句时; ②在用于强调句型时; ③被not所否定时。

(5) 一些介词短语同样可以表示原因,这样的短语有:

because of, thanks to, due to, owing to, as a result of等。

--- He couldn't walk because his leg was broken// because of his broken leg

---They stayed in because the weather was bad//because of the bad weather

Module 6

单词

poster n. 海报

thriller n. 充满刺激的电影

comedy n. 喜剧

sword n. 剑

actress n. 女演员

character n. 角色;人物

female adj. 女的;女性的

male adj. 男的;男性的

masterpiece n. 杰作

fiance n. 未婚夫

rooftop n. 屋顶

leap vi. 跳跃;飞跃

graceful adj. 优美的;优雅的

interest vt. 使感兴趣

brave adj. 勇敢的

moving adj. 感人的

occasionally adv. 有时;偶尔

ad n. 广告

argue vi. 争论

channel n. 频道

entertaining adj. 有趣的;令人愉快的

telly n. (非正式)电视

drama n. 戏剧

plot n. 情节

setting n. (小说、戏剧、电影的)背景

shark n. 鲨鱼

section n. 部分;节

词组

come out 出现;出版

fall in love with 爱上;喜欢(表动作)

be in love with 爱上;喜欢(表状态)

play a part 扮演角色

to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是

in surprise 吃惊地

care about 关心;顾虑;在乎

every now and then 有时;偶尔

at the age of 在……岁时

come out 出版;出来;发芽,开花

come about 发生

come to oneself 苏醒

come up 上升

come up with 想出(一个主意),提出

come across 碰到,遇见

come true 实现

fall in love with sb. 爱上某人(表动作)

be in love with sb. 爱上某人(表状态)

play a part in… 在…中起作用

play the part of … 扮演…角色

to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是

in surprise 吃惊地

care about 关心,顾虑,在乎

care for 照顾, 喜欢

(every)now and then 时而,不时地 ,偶尔

= from time to time=occasionally =now and again=every now and again

martial arts masters with unusual abilities 有非凡能力的武术大师

be popular in…在…处受欢迎be popular with/among sb.…受某人的欢迎

take place=happen 发生

as far…as 远到…, 像…那样远

at the age of… 在…岁时

win a prize 赢得一个奖

argue with sb about sth 和某人争辩某事

argue for 主张

argue against 反对

argue sb into doing sth. 说服某人做…

argue sb out of doing sth. 说服某人不做…

Good for you! 干得好/真不错/真棒! be good for sb. 对某人有好处

do good to sb. 对某人有好处do harm to sb. 对某人有害处

be good to sb. 对某人友好/和善It is no good doing sth. 做某事没有好处

What is on the box? 电视正在演什么?

The thing is…情况是…

It is generally agreed that… 人们普遍认为…

=People generally agree (that)…

It is said that … 据说

It is believed that… 人们相信

It is reported that … 据报道

It is proved that … 据证实

It is suggested that … 有人建议

replace him/take the place of him/take his place代替/取代他

in place of=instead of (作状语)而不是,代替

beong to sb. 属于某人

1.interest: N.意思:(1)兴趣 (2) 股份

短语:对……感兴趣be interested in have /take interest in

对……失去兴趣lose interest in

共同利益common interests

2.it is generally agreed that… 人们一致同意…

与此类似的结构有:It is/ was said / believed / reported/ estimated /suggested that… 据……= sb./ sth. is said/ believed… to do (to have done)

⑴人们普遍认为它是我国最著名的作家之一。

It is generally agreed that he is one of the most famous writers in our country.

4). 有人建议会议应该推迟。

It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.

⒊It has occasionally been done. 偶尔做这件事

occasional adj. 偶然的;特殊场合的

occasion n. 场合;时机

on occasion 有时,间或 = occasionally

on one occasion 曾经;有一个时候

“有时”译法:

sometimes/ at times/ from time to time/ (every) now and then/ once in a while

⒋marry

marry sb. to sb. 使……娶/把……嫁给

get married to与某人结婚(表动作)

be married to与某人结婚(表状态) n. marriage

1)She married her daughter to an engineer.

她把女儿嫁给了一个工程师。

2) They have been married for 13 years.

=They got married 13 years ago.

=It is 13 years since they got married.

⒌1) which TV programme to watch 为“疑问词+不定式”结构,在句中作about 的宾语。

① Please explain to us where to begin and how to do it.

2) “疑问词+不定式”结构在句中可作主语、宾语、表语等。

② 什么时候离开这儿由你决定。

When to leave here is up to you.

③ 问题是怎样实施你的计划。

The question is how to carry out your plan.

【点津】whether 一词也可以与不定式连用。

④ I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.
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