2020高考提分练习(一) | 3500词读练测

1

原卷试题

一、词形转换(用所给单词的正确形式填空)

1.The task given by the boss is as good as done, and we are to sum up our working experience after its __________(accomplish).

2.The __________(abandonment)car became a witness to the murder.

3.The railway station should be __________(access)from anywhere in the city within 90 minutes by bus, subways and special taxis.

4.—Lily is often __________(absence)from school.

—Yes, she is. That’s because she is in poor health.

5.Miss Liu served as an __________(account)for 4 years in the company, and now she is a general manager of it.

6.Great successor progress is due to the __________(accumulate)of persistent efforts.

7.In terms of working experience and __________(able), I believe Tom is equal to this job.

8.If we turned a blind eye to the situation where our children are burdened with too much __________(academy) pressure, we would pay a heavy price in the future.

9.He has also called for an __________(accelerate)of political reforms.

10.Advertising often functions as an indicator for what society considers to be socially __________(accept)and desirable at the time.

11.Although we haven’t got the __________(accuracy)statistics, it is estimated that approximately 300 factories in this province closed down during the economic crisis.

12.He is easy to satisfy. Even a small success will give him a sense of __________(achieve).

13.__________(absorb)rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice.

14.Wherever he goes, he readily __________(accommodation)to new circumstances.

15.Modern technology has __________(unable)us to have easier access to huge amount of beneficial information, which was only found in paper books.

二、词组填空(选用恰当词组,并用其恰当的形式填空,每个词组只能用一次)


1.Though lacking the necessary working experience, my cousin got the job _______________ her confidence and flexibility.

2.She gives frequent performances of her work, both _______________.

3.Drivers’ _______________ in music, according to the analysis of some traffic cases, is the main cause of many traffic accidents.

4._______________ sorrow, Steven just couldn’t help crying.

5.Frankly, I still feel confused about how he could manage without _______________ the Internet for such a long time.

6._______________ the new plan, students can choose the teacher whose class they wish to take.

7.He couldn’t _______________ the reason why the money was found in his room.

8._______________ must this switch be touched.

9.The recent financial crisis _______________, the Japanese boss cut back on the number of employees working for him.

10.The old couple, _______________ country life, were unwilling to move to the city to live with his son.

11.Why don’t you organize a club? That will make you stronger and help you _______________ more quickly.

12.“Given more time, we will _______________ do the task much better,” John said to his manager.

13.Who will be in charge _______________ our boss?

14.To the thief's surprise, a tourist filmed his stealing the money _______________.

15.The shop assistant was dismissed as she _______________ cheating customers.

三、单句改错(每句错误可能不止一个,错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改)

1.I’d like to ask you to write article for our school’s English Newspaper.

2.The kind woman has adopted more than ten disabled or sick babies abandoning by others.

3.The people wanted to accuse him with stealing their purses.

4.It is essential to take an useful summer vacation after the exam.

5.Evidence shows that absence of a parent adds to the probability that a youngster will commit criminal activity.

6.My parents expect me to study aboard, and going to abroad is also my dream.

7.Children need many things, but in all they need love.

8.In the absence with necessary exercise, he can get ill easily. So he is often absent in class.

9.If you ask teachers for help, they will give you a lot of advices on how to improve your English.

10.Students are forbidden, unless accustomed to not make noises, to enter their dormitory after 11 p.m.

11.He made his reasons for resigning absolute clear.

12.A lot of people all over the world have no access of clean drinking water.

13.He got the useful information on accident from one of his classmates.

14.Susan has been working hard day and night, which stands for her pale face.

15.Emphasis is laid on the necessity that all the goals to be attained be taking into account before starting a new project..

2

解析

一、词形转换(用所给单词的正确形式填空)

1.The task given by the boss is as good as done, and we are to sum up our working experience after its __________

(accomplish).

【答案】accomplishment

【句意】老板交给我们的任务几乎做完了,在完成以后我们将总结我们的工作经验。

2.The __________(abandonment)car became a witness to the murder.

【答案】abandoned

【句意】那辆废弃的汽车成了谋杀案的目击者。

3.The railway station should be __________(access)from anywhere in the city within 90 minutes by bus, subways and special taxis.

【答案】accessible

【句意】在90分钟内,从城市的任何地方都可以乘坐公共汽车、地铁和专车到达火车站。

4.—Lily is often __________(absence)from school.

—Yes, she is. That’s because she is in poor health.

【答案】absent

【句意】“莉莉经常缺课。”“是的,她是。那是因为她身体不好。”

5.Miss Liu served as an __________(account)for 4 years in the company, and now she is a general manager of it.

【答案】accountant

【句意】刘女士在公司当了四年会计,现在她是公司的总经理。

6.Great successor progress is due to the __________(accumulate)of persistent efforts.

【答案】accumulation

【句意】大的成功或进步都是由坚持努力积累而成。

7.In terms of working experience and __________(able), I believe Tom is equal to this job.

【答案】ability

【句意】就工作经验和能力而言,我相信汤姆能胜任这份工作。

8.If we turned a blind eye to the situation where our children are burdened with too much __________(academy) pressure, we would pay a heavy price in the future.

【答案】academic

【句意】如果我们对孩子们忍受过多学业压力的形势视而不见,那么将来我们就会付出沉重的代价。

9.He has also called for an __________(accelerate)of political reforms.

【答案】acceleration

【句意】他同时呼吁加快政治改革的步伐。

10.Advertising often functions as an indicator for what society considers to be socially __________(accept)and desirable at the time.

【答案】acceptable

【句意】句意:广告常常是社会认为什么是当时社会可接受和可取的指标。故D选项正确。

11.Although we haven’t got the __________(accuracy)statistics, it is estimated that approximately 300 factories in this province closed down during the economic crisis.

【答案】accurate

【解析】句意:尽管我们没有确切的数字,据估计在经济危机期间,这个省的300家工厂被关闭。

12.He is easy to satisfy. Even a small success will give him a sense of __________(achieve).

【答案】achievement

【句意】他很容易满足。甚至很小的成功都会给他成就感。

13.__________(absorb)rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice.

【答案】Absorption

【句意】空腹饮酒或喝果汁饮料时,吸收率会增加。

14.Wherever he goes, he readily __________(accommodation)to new circumstances.

【答案】accommodates

【句意】无论他去那里,他都会准备好适应新的环境。

15.Modern technology has __________(unable)us to have easier access to huge amount of beneficial information, which was only found in paper books.

【答案】enabled

【解析】句意:现代科技已经使我们能够更容易地接近大量有益的信息,这些信息以前只能在纸质书本上找到。

二、词组填空(选用恰当词组,并用其恰当的形式填空,每个词组只能用一次)

1.Though lacking the necessary working experience, my cousin got the job _______________ her confidence and flexibility.

【答案】on account of

【句意】虽然缺乏必要的工作经验,我的表妹因为自信和灵活而得到了这份工作。

2.She gives frequent performances of her work, both _______________.

【答案】at home and abroad

【句意】她经常在国内外演出自己的作品。

3.Drivers’ _______________ in music, according to the analysis of some traffic cases, is the main cause of many traffic accidents.

【答案】being absorbed

【句意】司机全神贯注听音乐,根据一些交通案例的调查,是许多交通事故的主要原因。

4._______________ sorrow, Steven just couldn’t help crying.

【答案】Abandoning himself to

【句意】史蒂文沉溺于悲伤之中,忍不住哭了起来。

5.Frankly, I still feel confused about how he could manage without _______________ the Internet for such a long time.

【答案】having access to

【句意】坦率地说,这么长一段时间没有上网,他怎么能做到这一点,我还是感到困惑。

6._______________ the new plan, students can choose the teacher whose class they wish to take.

【答案】According to

【句意】根据新的计划,学生可以选择他们想上哪门课的老师。

7.He couldn’t _______________ the reason why the money was found

in his room.

【答案】account for

【句意】他无法解释在他房间里发现那笔钱的原因。

8._______________ must this switch be touched.

【答案】on no account

【句意】这个开关是绝不能触摸的。

9.The recent financial crisis _______________, the Japanese boss cut back on the number of employees working for him.

【答案】taken into account

【句意】考虑到最近的金融危机,那个日本老板削减了为他工作的员工人数。

10.The old couple, _______________ country life, were unwilling to move to the city to live with his son.

【答案】accustomed to

【句意】那对习惯了乡村生活的老夫妇不愿意搬到城市里和他们的儿子住在一起。

11.Why don’t you organize a club? That will make you stronger and help you _______________ more quickly.

【答案】achieve your goal

【句意】为什么不建立一个俱乐部呢?那会让你更强大,帮助你更快实现你的目标。

12.“Given more time, we will _______________ do the task much better,” John said to his manager.

【答案】be able to

【句意】约翰对经理说:“如果给我们更多的时间,我们就能把工作做得更好。”

13.Who will be in charge _______________ our boss?

【答案】in the absence of

【句意】在老板不在的时候,谁来负责?

14.To the thief's surprise, a tourist filmed his stealing the money _______________.

【答案】by accident

【句意】令小偷诧异的是一个游客碰巧拍摄了他偷钱的经过。

15.The shop assistant was dismissed as she _______________ cheating customers.

【答案】was accused of

【句意】句意:店员因被指控欺骗客户而被解雇。

三、单句改错(每句错误可能不止一个,错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改)

1.I’d like to ask you to write article for our school’s English Newspaper.

【答案】在article前加an

【解析】article是可数名词,所以前面要加an,表示泛指。句意:我想请你为我们学校的英文报纸写一篇文章。

2.The kind woman has adopted more than ten disabled or sick babies abandoning by others.

【答案】adapted改为adopted, abandon改为abandoned

【解析】收养为adopt;disabled or sick babies与abandon(遗弃)之间存在被动关系,应该用过去分词。句意:那位善良的女人收养了十多个被别人遗弃的残疾或生病的婴儿。

3.The people wanted to accuse him with stealing their purses.

【答案】with改为of或accuse改为charge

【解析】accuse sb. of (doing)sth.=charge sb. with (doing)sth.控告某人某事,故在him后加of。句意:那些人要指控他偷了他们的钱包。

4.It is essential to take an useful summer vacation after the exam.

【答案】an改为a

【解析】形容词useful发音为非元音开头,故用定冠词a。句意:考试后要好好利用暑假是很重要的。

5.Evidence shows that absence of a parent adds to the probability that a youngster will commit criminal activity.

【答案】在absence前面加the, activity改为activities

【解析】the absence of……的缺少/缺失;名词activity为可数名词,用复数形式。句意:证据表明父母的缺失会增加青少年实施犯罪活动的可能性。

6.My parents expect me to study aboard, and going to abroad is also my dream.

【答案】aboard改为abroad, 去掉abroad前面的to

【解析】study abroad到国外去学习;go abroad去国外。句意:我父母亲希望我到国外去学习,而去国外也是我的梦想。

7.Children need many things, but in all they need love.

【答案】after改为above

【解析】in all总共,共计;above all首先,最重要的是。句意:孩子们需要很多东西,但最重要的是他们需要爱。

8.In the absence with necessary exercise, he can get ill easily. So he is often absent in class.

【答案】with改为of, in改为from

【解析】in the absence of缺乏;be absent from缺席。句意:由于他缺乏必要的锻炼容易生病,所以他经常缺课。

9.If you ask teachers for help, they will give you a lot of advices on how to improve your English.

【答案】advices改为advice

【解析】advice是不可数名词,故把advices改为advice。句意:如果你向老师请求帮助,他们会给提出如何提高英语的许多建议。

10.Students are forbidden, unless accustomed to not make noises,

to enter their dormitory after 11 p.m.

【答案】make改为making

【解析】固定搭配:be accustomed to sth./doing sth.习惯某事或做某事,故把make改为making。句意:除非学生习惯不发出噪音,否则晚上11点以后不准进入宿舍。

11.He made his reasons for resigning absolute clear.

【答案】absolute改为absolutely

【解析】此处是副词修饰形容词,故把absolute改为absolutely。句意:他提出辞职的理由非常明确。

12.A lot of people all over the world have no access of clean drinking water.

【答案】of改为to

【解析】have access to…使用,接近,可以利用,故把of改成to。句意:世界上很多人没有干净的饮用水可用。

13.He got the useful information on accident from one of his classmates.

【答案】on改为by

【解析】介词短语by accident碰巧,故将on改成by。句意:他碰巧从他的一个同学那里得到了有用的信息。

14.Susan has been working hard day and night, which stands for her pale face.

【答案】stands改为后加上accounts

【解析】stand for代表;account for说明……的原因。句意:苏珊日夜不停地工作,这就是她脸色苍白的原因。

15.Emphasis is laid on the necessity that all the goals to be attained be taking into account before starting a new project..

【答案】taking改为taken

【解析】take sth. into account“把……考虑进去”的被动语态。句意:我们强调这样做的必要性,即在一项新计划启动之前要考虑到它要达成的所有目标。
你可能感兴趣的文章